Remember Terminator 2,Robocop and I, Robot? Well, all these fall in the sci-fi category of movies. But there are facts behind the fiction which are scientifically achievable today.
Neural Engineering in very simple terms, is an engineer’s approach towards the human nervous system to understand, repair, replace, enhance, or otherwise exploit the properties of neural systems.
So lets begin with what its all about.
First I’ll talk about Sensorimotor which involves both sensory and motor systems.
Wikipedia gives a beautiful description for sensory and motor systems:
A sensory system is a part of the nervous system responsible for processing sensory information. A sensory system consists of sensory receptors, neural pathways, and parts of the brain involved in sensory perception. Commonly recognized sensory systems are those for vision, auditory (hearing), somatic sensation (touch), gustatory (taste), olfaction (smell) and vestibular (balance/movement). In short, senses are transducers from the physical world to the realm of the mind where we interpret the information, creating our perception of the world around us.
The motor system is the part of the central nervous system that is involved with movement. It consists of the pyramidal and extrapyramidal system.
Next, I’ll discuss about Brain Computer Interfaces(BCI) which involves two way communication between the human brain and a computer.
Finally, I’ll talk about the last part which I find the most interesting and equally exciting: Hacking The Human Brain!
So stay tuned 🙂 !